Limousine Escondido Los Angeles, Los Angeles Escondido, Escondido LAX, LAX Escondido
City of Escondido
Population : 147,514 (2010)
Median Income: $ 53,188 (2008)
Elevation : 684 feet
City's Area: 36.30 Square Miles
Water's Area: 0.2 Square Miles
City's Area Code: 760
City's Zip Code: 92025, 92026, 92027, 92027, 92029, 92030, 92033, 92046
Highest: 76-63 *F
Lowest: 55-41 *F
John Wayne Airport: 69.4 Mi.
LAX Airport : 108 Mi.
Ontario Airport : 81.1 Mi.
Escondido (pronounced /ˌɛskənˈdiːdoʊ/ "es-cone-DEE-doe") is a city located in California, just north of the city of San Diego. The name means "hidden" in Spanish—it occupies a shallow valley ringed by rocky hills. Founded in 1888, it is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The city has an estimated population of 144,831. The city is known as Eskondiid in Diegueño. A nationwide study in 2005 ranked Escondido #11 out of 25 of the most conservative cities in America.
The Escondido area was first settled by Native American tribes. The Luiseño established campsites and villages along the creek running through the area. They named the place "Mehel-om-pom-pavo". The Kumeyaay migrated from areas near the Colorado River, settling both in the San Pasqual Valley and near the San Dieguito River in the southwestern and western portions of what is now Escondido. Most of the villages and campsites today have been destroyed by development and agriculture.
Spain controlled the land from the late 18th century to the early 19th century, and established many missions in California to convert the indigenous people. When Mexico gained its independence from Spain, the local land was divided into large "ranchos." Most of Escondido occupies the former Rancho Rincon del Diablo. Rincon del Diablo ("Devil's Corner") was a Mexican land grant given to Juan Bautista Alvarado (distinct from the governor of the same name) in 1843 by Governor Manuel Micheltorena. Alvarado was a Regidor of Los Angeles at the time, and the first Regidor of the pueblo of San Diego. In addition, the southern area of Escondido occupies the former Rancho San Bernardo, granted in 1842 and 1845.
The Mexican-American War began in 1846. The Battle of San Pasqual was fought southeast of Escondido, pitting Mexican Andrés Pico (brother of then-California-governor Pío Pico) against Americans Stephen W. Kearny, Archibald Gillespie, and Kit Carson. A park in Escondido is named for Carson.
In 1853, there was a proposal backed by pro-Southern Copperheads to divide the state of California, creating a new Territory of Colorado (at this time the territory that would become the state of Colorado had the name "Jefferson"). San Diego Judge Oliver S. Witherby predicted that the capitol of the new territory would be located in Rancho Rincon del Diablo. He envisioned a railroad connecting San Diego to Fort Yuma through an area about two miles (3 km) south of the current Escondido site, heading east through San Pasqual. He planned to profit off the town that he believed would form from the dividing point on the railroad below the eastern hills. With a series of deeds in 1855 and 1856, the rancho was transferred from the heirs of Juan Bautista Alvarado to Witherby.
The proposal for splitting the state and creating the new territory passed in the California legislature, but died in Congress in the run-up to the Civil War. It was effectively killed in 1861 when Congress organized the Territory of Colorado in the area previously occupied by the Jefferson Territory. With Witherby's vision of owning a bustling state capitol unrealized, he set up a mining operation on the rancho instead.
In 1868, Witherby sold the rancho for $8000 to Edward McGeary and John, Josiah, and Matthew Wolfskill. McGeary owned one half of the rancho, while the three Wolfskill brothers each owned an equal share of the other half. John Wolfskill farmed sheep, horses, and cattle on the rancho for a number of years. Wolfskill had frequent conflicts with the Couts family, owners of the neighboring Guajome, Buena Vista, and San Marcos ranchos, over grazing lands and watering holes.
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