Population : 1,359,132 (2010)
Median Income: $ 59,901 (2009)
Elevation : 40 ft (75 m)
Land: 324.3 Square Miles
Water: 47.7 Square Miles
Area Code: 619, 760, 858
Zip Code: 92101, 92102, 92103, 92104, 92105, 92106, 92107,
92108, 92109, 92110, 92111, 92112, 92113, 92114, 92115, 92116, 92117, 92119,
92120, 92121, 92122, 92123, 92124, 92126, 92127, 92128, 92129, 92130, 92131,
92132, 92133, 92134, 92135, 92136, 92137, 92138, 92139, 92140, 92142, 92145,
92147, 92149, 92150, 92152, 92153, 92154, 92155, 92158, 92159, 92160, 92161,
92162, 92163, 92164, 92165, 92166, 92167, 92168, 92169, 92170, 92171, 92172,
92174, 92175, 92176, 92177, 92179, 92182, 92184, 92186, 92187, 92190, 92191,
92192, 92193, 92194, 92195, 92196, 92197, 92198, 92199.
Highest: 73-67 *F
Lowest: 57-48 *F
John Wayne Airport: 86.4 Mi.
LAX Airport : 124 Mi.
Ontario Airport : 111 Mi.
San Diego (pronounced /ˌsæn diːˈeɪɡoʊ/), named after Saint
Didacus (Spanish: Diego de Alcalá), is the eighth-largest city in the United
States and second-largest city in California, after Los Angeles, with a
population of 1,359,132 (Jan 2010) within its administrative limits on a land
area of 372.1 square miles (963.7 km2). The urban area of San Diego extends
beyond the administrative city limits with a population of 2,880,000. Also, this
is part of a megalopolis (the San Diego and Los Angeles metropolitan areas) with
a population of about 22 million. It is located on the Pacific Ocean at the
southernmost end of the west coast of the continental United States.
The city is also the county seat of San Diego County as well
as the economic center of the San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos Metropolitan Area
considered congruent with the county. The city was rated the fifth-best place to
live in the United States in 2006 by Money magazine. According to Forbes
magazine, San Diego is the fifth-wealthiest city in the United States and the
9th safest city in the top 10 list of safest cities in the U.S. San Diego's top
four industries are manufacturing, defense, tourism, and agriculture. San
Diego's economy is largely composed of agriculture, biotechnology/biosciences,
computer sciences, electronics manufacturing, defense-related manufacturing,
financial and business services, ship repair, ship construction, software
development, telecommunications, wireless research, and tourism. The presence of
the University of California, San Diego, (UCSD) with the affiliated UCSD Medical
Center promotes research in biotechnology. San Diego is also designated as an
iHub Innovation Center by Gov. Schwarzenegger’s Office of Economic Development.
History Main article: History of San Diego Mission San Diego
The area of San Diego has been inhabited for more than 10,000
years by the Kumeyaay Indians.The first European to visit the region was
Portuguese-born explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sailing under the flag of
Castile, who sailed his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain. In 1542,
Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire and named the site San Miguel.
In November of 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast.
Arriving on his flagship San Diego, Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are
now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for the Catholic Saint
Didacus, a Spaniard more commonly known as San Diego de Alcalá. On November 12,
1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was
conducted by Friar Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition,
to celebrate the feast day of San Diego.
In 1769, Gaspar de Portolà established the Fort Presidio of
San Diego overlooking Old Town. Around the same time, Mission San Diego de
Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Father Junípero Serra. By 1797,
the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California, with over
1,400 neophytes living in and around the mission proper. It is the southern end
in California of the historic mission trail El Camino Real. Mission San Diego de
Alcalá's fortunes declined in the 1830s after Mexico won its independence from
Spain and the decree of secularization was enacted, as was the case with all of
the missions under the control of Mexico. However, it remains an active Catholic
church and is a National Historic Landmark.
In 1847 San Diego was a destination of the 2,000-mile (3,200
km) march of the Mormon Battalion, members of whom established a brickyard and
built the city's first courthouse at the corner of San Diego Avenue and Mason
Street in Old Town.
The Battle of San Pasqual, a battle of the Mexican-American
War, was fought in the San Pasqual Valley which is now part of the city of San
Diego. With the end of that war and the great influx of Americans during the
gold rush of 1848, California was admitted to the United States in 1850. San
Diego was designated the seat of the newly-established San Diego County and was
incorporated as a city in 1850. The first city charter was adopted in 1889. The
current city charter was adopted in 1931.
The original town of San Diego grew up at the foot of Presidio
Hill, in the area which is now Old Town San Diego State Historic Park. The
location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water. In the
late 1860s Alonzo Horton promoted a move to "New Town", several miles south of
the original settlement, in the area which became Downtown San Diego. People and
businesses flocked to New Town because of its location on San Diego Bay
convenient to shipping. New Town quickly eclipsed the original settlement, known
to this day as Old Town, and became the economic and governmental heart of the
In the years before World War I, the Industrial Workers of the
World labor union conducted a free speech fight in San Diego, arousing a brutal
San Diego hosted two World's Fairs, the Panama-California
Exposition in 1915 and the California Pacific International Exposition in 1935.
Many of the Spanish/Baroque-style buildings in the city's Balboa Park were built
for these expositions, particularly the one in 1915. Intended to be temporary
structures, most remained in continuous use until they progressively fell into
disrepair. Most were eventually rebuilt using castings of the original facades
to faithfully retain the architectural style.
Significant U.S. Naval presence began in 1901 with the
establishment of the Navy Coaling Station in Point Loma, and expanded greatly
during the 1920s. After World War II, the military played an increasing role in
the local economy, but post-Cold War cutbacks took a heavy toll on the local
defense and aerospace industries. The resulting downturn led San Diego leaders
to seek to diversify the city's economy, and San Diego has since become a major
center of the emerging biotechnology industry. It is also home to
telecommunications giant Qualcomm.
In October 2003, San Diego was the site of the Cedar Fire,
which has been called the largest wildfire in California over the past century.
The fire burned 280,000 acres (1,100 km2), killed 15 people, and destroyed more
than 2,200 homes. In addition to damage caused by the fire, smoke resulted in a
significant increase in emergency room visits due to asthma, respiratory
problems, eye irritation, and smoke inhalation; the poor air quality caused San
Diego County schools to close for a week. Four years later many additional
wildfires, including the Witch Creek and Harris fires, damaged parts of the city
of San Diego, completely destroying some areas and communities (particularly
within Rancho Bernardo and Rancho Santa Fe), as well as many other parts of the
county (especially Ramona) during the severe Southern California fire season of