Limousine Solvang Los Angeles, Los Angeles Solvang , Solvang LAX, LAX Solvang
City of Solvang
Population : 5,173 (2009)
Median Income: $ 60,385 (2008)
Elevation : 496 feet
City's Area: 2.49 Square Miles
Highest: 70-54 *F
Lowest: 53-40 *F
John Wayne Airport: 168 Mi.
LAX Airport : 130 Mi.
Ontario Airport : 170 Mi.
Solvang (Danish for "sunny fields") is a city in Santa Barbara County, California, United States.
It is one of the communities that make up the Santa Ynez Valley. The population was 5,332 at the 2000 census. Once just a village, Solvang was incorporated as a city on May 1, 1985.
Solvang was founded in 1911 on almost 9,000 acres (3,600 ha) of the Rancho San Carlos de Jonata Mexican land grant, by a group of Danes who traveled west to establish a Danish colony far from the midwestern winters. The city is home to a number of bakeries, restaurants, and merchants offering a taste of Denmark in California. The architecture of many of the facades and buildings reflects traditional Danish style. There is a copy of the famous Little Mermaid statue from Copenhagen, as well as one featuring the bust of famed Danish fable writer Hans Christian Andersen. A replica of Copenhagen's Round Tower or Rundetårn in the scale 1:3 was finished in 1991 and can be seen in the city centre.
Mission Santa Ines, one of the California missions (National Historic Landmark), is located near the center of the town, at the junction of State Route 246 and Alisal Road.
Geography and climate
Solvang is located at 34°35′38″N 120°8′23″W / 34.59389°N 120.13972°W / 34.59389; -120.13972. At an elevation of 505 ft (154 m), it lies in the Santa Ynez Valley some 46 miles (74 km) north-west of Santa Barbara and about 15 miles (24 km) north of the Pacific coast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km²), all of it land.
Solvang enjoys lots of sunshine throughout the year with clear, warm days and cool nights. Average temperatures vary between 54 and 76 F (12 and 24 C) with highs reaching the upper 80s F (lower 30s C) and winter lows in the 40s F (below 10 C). Average annual rainfall for Solvang (recorded between 1964 and 2010) is 19.31 inches (49 cm).
The Santa Ynez Valley in which Solvang lies today was originally inhabited by the Chumash, identified by Fr. Pedro Font, chaplain of the 1776 Anza Expedition, as an ingenious and industrious people. They had an excellent astronomical system and were good fishermen and hunters. Spanish missionaries who arrived at the beginning of the 19th century, succeeded in getting the Chumash to adopt the Spanish way of life and to serve the missions, especially the Mission Santa Inés created in 1804 and located in the center of today's Solvang. Santa Inés was located midway between the missions of Santa Barbara and La Purísima Concepción in Lompoc and the lands were designated the Rancho San Carlos de Jonata. For a time, the mission was a seminary but soon began to deteriorate. It was however repaired by the Donahue family in 1884 and renovated by Fr. Alexander Buckler in 1904.
Between 1850 and 1930, a considerable number of Danes left Denmark which was suffering from poor economic prospects. According to some estimates, as many as one in ten Danes emigrated during this period, mostly to the United States. The most popular destinations for Danish settlers were Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota. In many of the new communities, churches and schools were set up in accordance with the ideas of N. F. S. Grundtvig, an influential Danish philosopher, hymn-writer and Lutheran pastor. In particular, the so-called folk schools introduced a new approach to education based on a spirit of freedom, poetry and disciplined creativity. Folk schools were established in Elk Horn, Iowa (1878-1899); Grant, Michigan (1882-1888); Nysted, Nebraska (1887-1934); Tyler, Minnesota (1888-1935) and Kenmare, North Dakota (1902-1916) and finally in Solvang (1911–1931).
One of the most enthusiastic proponents of the Danish approach to religion and education was Benedict Nordentoft who was born in Brabrand near Aarhus in 1873. After graduating in theology in 1898, he was soon tempted to travel to the United States where he began coordinating relations between Danish Lutheran churches in Michigan, Ohio, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Maine. In 1901, he returned to Denmark specifically to be ordained in Aarhus Cathedral. Back in America, he continued his work as a lecturer at Grand View College, a folk high school in Des Moines, Iowa which was also set up by the Danish Lutheran Church. He was appointed president in 1903, a post which he held until 1910 when disagreements with his Grundtvigian colleagues forced him to resign.
From 1906, Nordentoft together Jens M. Gregersen, a pastor from Kimballton, Iowa, and Peder P. Hornsyld, a lecturer at Grand View, had discussed the possibility of creating a new Danish colony with a dedicated Lutheran church and school on the west coast. In 1910, together with other Danish-Americans, they created the Danish-American Colony Company in San Francisco. Later that year, suitable land was found in the Santa Ynez Valley northwest of Santa Barbara. On January 23, 1911, the contract was signed and Solvang was founded. The Danes had bought almost 9,000 acres (36 km2) of the Rancho San Carlos de Jonata land grant, paying an average of $40 per acre.
Among the other early arrivals with Mads Frese were Mr. and Mrs. Sophus Olsen, Hans Skytt, John Petersen and John Ahrenkild. Skytt
was to play an important role as the carpenter who constructed many of Solvang's
early buildings. The first to be constructed was a hotel close to the Mission where new arrivals could be housed. Gregersen became president of the Danish-American Colony Company and Nordentoft was named head and Hornsyld a teacher at the school which opened on November 15, 1911, with 21 students.
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